Chapter 9. Of Free Will

Read Chapter 9(Of Free Will) of the Westminster Confession of Faith

1. God hath endued the will of man with that natural liberty, that is neither forced, nor by any absolute necessity of nature determined to good or evil.1

2. Man, in his state of innocency, had freedom and power to will and to do that which was good, and well pleasing to God;2but yet, mutably, so that he might fall from it.3

3. Man, by his fall into a state of sin, hath wholly lost all ability of will to any spiritual good accompanying salvation:4so as, a natural man, being altogether averse from that good,5and dead in sin,6is not able, by his own strength, to convert himself, or to prepare himself thereunto.7

4. When God converts a sinner, and translates him into the state of grace, He freeth him from his natural bondage under sin;8and, by His grace alone, enables him freely to will and to do that which is spiritually good;9yet so, as that by reason of his remaining corruption, he doth not perfectly, nor only, will that which is good, but doth also will that which is evil.10

5. The will of man is made perfectly and immutably free to do good alone, in the state of glory only.11