Chapter 8. Of Christ the Mediator

Read Chapter 8(Of Christ the Mediator) of the Westminster Confession of Faith

1. It pleased God, in His eternal purpose, to choose and ordain the Lord Jesus, His only begotten Son, to be the Mediator between God and man;1the Prophet,2Priest,3and King,4the Head and Saviour of His Church,5the Heir of all things,6and Judge of the world:7unto whom He did from all eternity give a people, to be His seed,8and to be by Him in time redeemed, called, justified, sanctified, and glorified.9

2. The Son of God, the second person in the Trinity, being very and eternal God, of one substance and equal with the Father, did, when the fulness of time was come, take upon Him man’s nature,10with all the essential properties and common infirmities thereof, yet without sin:11being conceived by the power of the Holy Ghost, in the womb of the virgin Mary, of her substance.12So that two whole, perfect, and distinct natures, the Godhead and the manhood, were inseparably joined together in one person, without conversion, composition, or confusion.13Which person is very God, and very man, yet one Christ, the only Mediator between God and man.14

3. The Lord Jesus, in His human nature thus united to the divine, was sanctified and anointed with the Holy Spirit, above measure,15having in Him all the treasures of wisdom and knowledge;16in whom it pleased the Father that all fulness should dwell;17to the end that, being holy, harmless, undefiled, and full of grace and truth,18He might be thoroughly furnished to execute the office of a mediator and surety.19Which office He took not unto Himself, but was thereunto called by His Father,20who put all power and judgment into His hand, and gave Him commandment to execute the same.21

4. This office the Lord Jesus did most willingly undertake;22which that He might discharge, He was made under the law,23and did perfectly fulfil it,24endured most grievous torments immediately in His soul,25and most painful sufferings in His body;26was crucified, and died;27was buried, and remained under the power of death; yet saw no corruption.28On the third day He arose from the dead,29with the same body in which He suffered,30with which also he ascended into heaven, and there sitteth at the right hand of His Father,31making intercession,32and shall return to judge men and angels at the end of the world.33

5. The Lord Jesus, by His perfect obedience, and sacrifice of Himself, which He, through the eternal Spirit, once offered up unto God, hath fully satisfied the justice of His Father;34and purchased, not only reconciliation, but an everlasting inheritance in the kingdom of heaven, for all those whom the Father hath given unto Him.35

6. Although the work of redemption was not actually wrought by Christ till after His incarnation, yet the virtue, efficacy, and benefits thereof were communicated unto the elect in all ages successively from the beginning of the world, in and by those promises, types, and sacrifices, wherein He was revealed, and signified to be the seed of the woman which should bruise the serpent’s head; and the Lamb slain from the beginning of the world: being yesterday and to-day the same, and forever.36

7. Christ, in the work of mediation, acteth according to both natures, by each nature doing that which is proper to itself:37yet, by reason of the unity of the person, that which is proper to one nature, is sometimes in Scripture attributed to the person denominated by the other nature.38

8. To all those for whom Christ hath purchased redemption, He doth certainly and effectually apply and communicate the same,39making intercession for them,40and revealing unto them, in and by the Word, the mysteries of salvation,41effectually persuading them by His Spirit to believe and obey, and governing their hearts by His Word and Spirit;42overcoming all their enemies by His almighty power and wisdom, in such manner, and ways, as are most consonant to His wonderful and unsearchable dispensation.43