Chapter 28. Of Baptism

Read Chapter 28(Of Baptism) of the Westminster Confession of Faith
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1. Baptism is a sacrament of the New Testament, ordained by Jesus Christ,1not only for the solemn admission of the party baptized into the visible Church;2but also, to be unto him a sign and seal of the covenant of grace,3of his ingrafting into Christ,4of regeneration,5of remission of sins,6and of his giving up unto God through Jesus Christ, to walk in the newness of life.7Which sacrament is, by Christ’s own appointment, to be continued in His Church until the end of the world.8

2. The outward element to be used in this sacrament is water, wherewith the party is to be baptized, in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost, by a minister of the Gospel, lawfully called thereunto.9

3. Dipping of the person into the water is not necessary; but Baptism is rightly administered by pouring or sprinkling water upon the person.10

4. Not only those that do actually profess faith in and obedience unto Christ,11but also the infants of one or both believing parents, are to be baptized.12

5. Although it be a great sin to contemn or neglect this ordinance,13yet grace and salvation are not so inseparably annexed unto it, as that no person can be regenerated or saved without it;14or, that all that are baptized are undoubtedly regenerated.15

6. The efficacy of Baptism is not tied to that moment of time wherein it is administered;16yet notwithstanding, by the right use of this ordinance, the grace promised is not only offered, but really exhibited and conferred, by the Holy Ghost, to such (whether of age or infants)as that grace belongeth unto, according to the counsel of God’s own will, in His appointed time.17

7. The sacrament of Baptism is but once to be administered unto any person.18